Equifax disclosed last week that the personal financial information of up to 143 million users had been exposed in a massive hack last July. This represents roughly two-thirds of all credit card holders, so you may be affected.
The delay in disclosing is troubling, and the hack raises questions about oversight of the credit bureaus and even about the impact on their management. We can see the impact on investors: the Equifax share price has dropped over 20%
While we can discuss these issues and more, the priority is shoring up your personal credit.
Was your data taken? There are links from Equifax, Norton and others where you can attempt to determine the impact on you personally. However, these sites seem to default to “you may be affected,” even if you put in bogus information.
The good news is that Equifax has responded to consumer pressure to make certain services free.
You will want to act as soon as possible to keep your financial information safe.
“There are so many entities who need to check your credit: when you’re renting an apartment, getting insurance, a new cell phone, utilities,” Liz Weston, a financial planner and columnist at NerdWallet, told BuzzFeed News. “But at this point the breach is so great” that taking measures to safeguard your identity is worth it. She recommends instituting credit freezes.
Equifax free service – sign up on line for the complimentary service being provided by Equifax, which provides the following:
- three-bureau credit file monitoring with alerts,
- credit report lock,
- scanning of suspicious sites for use of your social security number,
- Equifax credit reporting, and
- $1 million identity theft insurance covering certain out-of-pocket expenses.
Monitor your cards – review your monthly credit card, bank and loan statements for suspicious activity. You have a right to free credit reports so obtain them and review for unauthorized activity.
Also, watch for unexpected calls or mail, such as debt collectors or people posing as IRS agents, because these may be signs that your information may be in the hands of thieves.
Credit freeze – request a freeze on your credit from all three agencies: Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian. Equifax will not charge you but the others will.
Requesting a credit freeze prevents thieves from using your identity to get loans or credit cards in your name, even if your personal information was compromised by the hack. You essentially pay to bar each of three credit reporting agencies — Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian — from providing a credit report without both your explicit permission and a personal identification number (PIN) that temporarily lifts the freeze. (Freezes do not affect financial institutions or companies you have an existing relationship with, only new ones.)
Make sure to place the freeze with all three bureaus and to keep your PINs for unlocking the freezes in a safe place.
“A credit freeze with only one bureau is incomplete protection,” Mike Litt, the consumer program advocate at the US Public Interest Research Group, a consumer group, said. Consumer experts recommended getting a freeze with all three agencies.
There are companies such as LifeLock that provide bundled services. If cost is not an object, that may be the best course of action. Here is the Lifelock response on Equifax.
Fraud alert – if you are certain that your information has been taken, place alert all three credit bureau websites. You can access the TransUnion site here. Some protection is free, but their premium package costs $9.95
If you are the subject of identity theft, there are many resources now that help you report and recover. The Federal Trade Commission website can help devise a recovery plan to implement.
PINs and passwords – the passwords and PINs you use could be the next issue. You may want to change what you use now and update annually, if not more often.
Updates – Equifax continues to provide updates on the status of the hack and their response.
And news sites continue to report on the hack – see this NY Times article.
There are many steps to take, and the information taken may not be used for some time. So, you will want to take some if not all the steps outlined above.
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